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Top 5 Sustainability Goals (SDG’S)

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Top 5 Sustainability Goals (SDG’S)

Sustainable development refers to a way of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It involves balancing economic growth, social development, and environmental protection in a way that ensures long-term sustainability. In other words, sustainable development aims to create a better future for everyone by ensuring that economic, social, and environmental progress occurs in harmony, and that the Earth’s natural resources are used in a responsible and equitable manner.

The Global Goals or Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to end poverty, safeguard the planet, and ensure peace and prosperity for all by 2030. The 17 SDGs are interconnected, recognizing that progress in one area can have an impact on others, and development must take into account social, economic, and environmental sustainability.

Governments have pledged to prioritize progress for those who are most disadvantaged. The SDGs aim to eradicate poverty, hunger, AIDS, and gender discrimination against women and girls.

Achieving the SDGs in every context requires the mobilization of creativity, expertise, technology, and financial resources from all sectors of society.

The Global Challenge for Government Transparency: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2030 Agenda

In 2015, the United Nations reached an agreement with 195 nations that they have the power to make positive changes to the world. Their aim is to enhance the lives of their citizens by the year 2030 through collaboration between their governments, businesses, media, higher education institutions, and local NGOs. This will involve working together towards a common goal.


Goal 1 of the SDGs is to eradicate poverty in all its forms, which remains one of the biggest challenges for humanity. Despite the fact that the number of people living in extreme poverty declined by over 50% between 1990 and 2015, many people still struggle to meet their basic needs.

In 2015, around 736 million people lived on less than $1.90 a day and lacked access to necessities such as food, clean water, and sanitation. While some countries like China and India have experienced rapid economic growth that has lifted millions out of poverty, progress has not been uniform. Women are particularly vulnerable to poverty due to factors like lack of education, property ownership, and paid work.

Regions like South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa still face significant challenges in reducing poverty, with 80% of those living in extreme poverty residing in these areas. Climate change, conflict, and food insecurity pose new threats, requiring further efforts to lift people out of poverty.

The SDGs are a bold commitment to ending poverty in all its forms and dimensions by 2030. This involves targeting the most vulnerable populations, increasing access to essential resources and services, and supporting communities affected by conflicts and climate-related disasters.


Goal 2 of the SDGs is focused on achieving zero hunger by addressing the issue of extreme hunger and malnutrition in various parts of the world. Over the past two decades, economic growth and agricultural productivity have led to a reduction of almost half in the number of undernourished people, enabling many developing countries to meet their nutritional needs. Regions such as Central and East Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean have made significant progress in eradicating extreme hunger.

However, hunger and malnutrition remain significant barriers to development in many countries, with an estimated 821 million people suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2017, often due to environmental degradation, drought, and biodiversity loss. Over 90 million children under five are dangerously underweight, and undernourishment and severe food insecurity are increasing in almost all regions of Africa and South America.

To address this issue, the SDGs aim to end all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, ensuring that all people, particularly children, have access to sufficient and nutritious food throughout the year. Achieving this requires sustainable agriculture promotion, support for small-scale farmers, equal access to land, technology, and markets, as well as international cooperation for investment in infrastructure and technology to improve agricultural productivity.


Great strides have been made in combating several major causes of death and illness, resulting in a significant increase in life expectancy, a decline in infant and maternal mortality rates, and a reduction in HIV rates. The Sustainable Development Goals recognize the importance of good health to sustainable development, and they take into account a range of factors, such as economic and social inequalities, urbanization, environmental threats, infectious diseases like HIV, and noncommunicable diseases.

To achieve SDG 3 and reduce poverty and inequality, universal health coverage is essential. Other emerging global health issues, like antimicrobial resistance, also require attention. However, progress towards the health-related SDGs has been uneven, both between and within countries, with a 31-year gap in life expectancy between the countries with the shortest and longest life expectancies. While some countries have made notable progress, many are being left behind, emphasizing the need for multisectoral, rights-based, and gender-sensitive approaches to reduce inequalities and improve overall health.


Goal 4 of the SDGs aims to ensure that everyone has access to quality education. There has been significant progress made since 2000 in achieving the goal of universal primary education, with enrollment rates in developing regions reaching 91% in 2015 and the number of children out of school dropping by almost half worldwide. This progress includes increased literacy rates and greater access to education for girls.

However, some regions have faced challenges in achieving universal education due to factors such as poverty, armed conflicts, and emergencies. In Western Asia and North Africa, ongoing conflicts have led to an increase in the number of children out of school. While Sub-Saharan Africa has made significant progress in primary school enrollment, there are still large disparities between the richest and poorest households, and between rural and urban areas.

The SDGs aim to ensure that all girls and boys complete free primary and secondary schooling by 2030, as well as providing equal access to affordable vocational training and quality higher education. The goal also seeks to eliminate gender and wealth disparities in education and achieve inclusive and quality education for all, recognizing the critical role education plays in sustainable development.


Achieving gender equality is not only a fundamental human right but also essential for sustainable development. Empowering women and girls has been proven to contribute to economic growth and development. UNDP has prioritized gender equality in its work, leading to significant progress over the last two decades. More girls now attend school compared to 15 years ago, and most regions have achieved gender parity in primary education.

However, significant gender inequalities persist in some regions, with women being systematically denied the same work rights as men. Barriers such as sexual violence and exploitation, the unequal distribution of unpaid care and domestic work, and discrimination in public office hinder gender equality. Women, children, and marginalized communities are disproportionately affected by climate change, disasters, conflict, and migration.

Top 5 Sustainability Goals (SDG’S)

It is essential to give women equal rights to land and property, sexual and reproductive health, and access to technology and the internet. While there are more women in public office than ever before, encouraging more women to become leaders will contribute to achieving greater gender equality.

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